Introduction to RoHS certification
An overview of the
RoHS is a mandatory standard set by European Union legislation, its full name is "Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronic and electrical equipment directive". The standard has been formally implemented on July 1, 2006, mainly used to standardize the material and process standards of electronic and electrical products, so as to make them more conducive to human health and environmental protection. The standard aims to eliminate lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBDE) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) from electrical and electronic products, and specifically stipulates that the content of lead should not exceed 0.1%.
General situation of
New European directive
ROHS directive 2011/65 / EU
The European RoHS 2011/65/EU requires 6 items to be tested, and the directive takes effect as the RoHS directive.
New European RoHS Directive Labels
New European RoHS Directive Labels
RoHS detection items are lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), hexavalent chromium (Cr6+), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBS) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDES).
As for HBCDD, BBP,DBP,DEHP and other projects, the directive only mentioned whether the follow-up priority assessment should be included in the control, and did not force the manufacturer to carry out testing.
The European Parliament and the European Commission published the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE Directive) and the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS Directive) in their Official Gazette on 13 February 2003.
The RoHS Directive and WEEE Directive stipulate that there are 102 kinds of products in ten categories which are included in the management of limitation of hazardous substances and scrap recycling. The first seven categories of products are the main export electrical products of our country. Includes large household appliances, small household appliances, information and communication equipment, consumer products, lighting equipment, electrical and electronic tools, toys, leisure and sports equipment, medical equipment (other than implanted or infected products), monitoring and control equipment, and vending machines.
On 3 December 2008, the European Union published the proposed amendments to the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) and the RoHS Directive (2002/95/EC). The aim of this proposal is to create a better regulatory environment, that is, simple, understandable, effective and enforceable regulations. The main contents of the RoHS directive revision are:
1. Changes in legal language to clarify the scope and definition of the Directive;
2. CE mark and EC declaration of conformity of the introduced products;
3. Put medical devices, control and monitoring instruments into the scope of RoHS Directive by stages;
The six restricted hazardous substances remained unchanged, but four -- hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), phthalic acid (2-ethylhexyl ester) (DEHP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) -- required priority assessment to see if they could be included in the restricted substances category in the future
Only for new products launched on July 1, 2006.
Includes household incandescent lamps and light sources.
Do not violate specific instructions or regulations on safety and health requirements - Vehicle ELV, Vehicle Directive; Battery Directive, 91/157/EEC,93/86/EEC&98/101/EC
Excludes: medical equipment or monitoring equipment (categories 8 and 9 of the WEEE Directive); Maintenance spare parts put on the market before July 1, 2006; Recycling products originally placed on the market before July 1, 2006.
Restricted toxic substances:
· Heavy metals:
- Lead the Lead;
- Mercury Mercury;
- Cadmium Cadmium;
-- Chromium (VI) hexavalent Chromium.
· Certain brominated flame retardants:
Polybrominated biphenyls -- Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB's);
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers -- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE's).
The maximum limit index is:
· Cadmium: 0.01% (100ppm);
· Lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, polybrominated biphenyls ethers: 0.1% (1000ppm).
Six categories of hazardous substances
RoHS for all the production process and raw materials that may contain the above six kinds of harmful substances in electrical and electronics products, mainly including: white home appliance, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters, etc., black appliances, such as audio and video products, DVD, CD, TV receiver, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc.; Power tools, electric electronic toys, medical electrical equipment.
1. Lead (Pb) Examples of use of this substance: solder, glass, PVC stabilizer
2. Mercury (HG) (mercury) Examples of use of this substance: thermostats, sensors, switches and relays, light bulbs
3. Cadmium (CD) Examples of use of this substance: switches, springs, connectors, housing and PCB, contacts, batteries
4. Examples of hexavalent chromium (Cr 6+) in use: Metallic anticorrosion coatings
5. Examples of polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) using this substance: flame retardants, PCB, connectors, plastic housings
6. Examples of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) using this substance: flame retardants, PCB, connectors, plastic housings
The test principles
According to the European Union WEEE&ROHS directive requirements, domestic qualified third party testing institutions are divided according to the material of the product, with different materials were tested for harmful substances. Generally speaking:
· Metal materials shall be tested for four hazardous metal elements such as (Cd cadmium /Pb lead /Hg mercury /Cr6+ hexavalent chromium)
· Brominated flame retardants (PBB/ PBDE) should be tested for plastic materials in addition to these four hazardous heavy metal elements.
· At the same time, packaging materials of different materials should be tested separately for heavy metals in packaging materials (94/62/EEC)
The following are the RoHS upper limits for the six hazards:
Cadmium: Less than 100ppm
Lead: Less than 1000ppm
Less than 3500ppm in steel alloys
Less than 4000ppm in aluminum alloy
Less than 4000ppm in copper alloy
Mercury: Less than 1,000 parts per million
Hexavalent chromium: less than 1000ppm
In 2000, cadmium was found in the cables of a number of game consoles sold in the Netherlands. In fact, electrical and electronic products in the production of a large number of solder, packaging printing ink containing lead and other harmful heavy metals.
The European Union will implement RoHS on July 1, 2006. At that time, electrical and electronic products using or containing heavy metals and flame retardants such as PBDE and PBB will not be allowed to enter the European market if they exceed the limit
Scope of application
The eu's 27 member countries: France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Britain, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Cyprus, Hungary, the Czech republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania.
RoHS Directive covers AC1000V, DC1500V and below listed in the catalogue of electronic and electrical products:
1. Large household appliances: refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, etc
2. Small household appliances: vacuum cleaner, electric iron, hair dryer, oven, clock, etc
3, IT and communication equipment: computers, fax machines, telephones, mobile phones, etc
4, civil equipment: radio, television, video recorder, Musical Instruments, etc
5, lighting appliances: in addition to family lighting fluorescent lamps, lighting control devices
6. Power tools: electric drill, lathe, welding, sprayer, etc
7, toys/entertainment, sports equipment: electric cars, video game machines, automatic gambling machines, etc
8. Medical equipment: radiotherapy instrument, electrocardiogram tester, analytical instrument, etc
9, monitoring/control device: smoke detector, thermostat, factory monitoring and control machine, etc
10. Vending machines
It includes not only the complete machine products, but also the parts, raw materials and packaging used in the production of the complete machine, which relates to the whole production chain.
(1) Fill in the RoHS test application form, which can be picked up at the Center or downloaded from the website of RoHS Certification Center, and then return after filling in.
(2) Quotation settlement, after the submission of the application, the customer send the sample (or express) to our company, our company according to the requirements of the sample for a reasonable split, and split the product quantity and the test fee feedback to the customer, the customer agreed, the test fee into the company's designated account (or cash payment).
(3) The test will be arranged as soon as the payment is received. Under normal circumstances, the test will be completed within one week.
(4) Release the report, which can be delivered by express, fax, E-mail or by the examinant in person.
Products do not do ROHS certification, will cause incalculable damage to the manufacturer, when your products no one care, loss of market, if your products lucky to enter the other side of the market, once found, will encounter high fines or even detention, thus, may lead to the closure of the entire enterprise.
Many large enterprises have studied RoHS certification, prepared early, and many products have passed RoHS certification, but there are still a lot of small and medium-sized enterprises to RoHS certification is still quite unfamiliar, a little knowledge, see the flowers in the fog, not clear, do not know where to start, do not know who certification.
How to test
Actually, RoHS certification is not so mysterious, and people are familiar with CE certification, FCC certification, certification of the same, as long as have the corresponding qualifications and ability of the third party notary laboratory can provide enterprises with a similar service, is your related products sent to professional lab for testing and analysis, including lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) of six kinds of harmful substances conformed to the RoHS directive requirements, can be obtained if the accord with RoHS report and qualified certificate, if does not conform to, have to find another qualified products to replace.
Involved in the product
Mainly include: daily household appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters and so on; Black appliances, such as audio and video products, DVD, CD, TV receivers, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc. Power tools, electric electronic toys, medical electrical equipment, the use of electricity, including small and large home appliances, IT and telecommunications equipment and consumer goods, such as radios, televisions, cameras and sound systems.
How to operate
The Directive Disposal prevents thousands of tons of prohibited substances from potentially being released into the environment and has brought about important changes in the design of electrical and electronic products, increasing producers' understanding of the composition and toxicity of their products. Other countries, including the EU's major trading partners, have followed the EU's example and brought similar legislation. Manufacturers that meet RoHS requirements are better prepared to face this global challenge. National competent authorities have strengthened cooperation to find and remove non-conforming products from the market, the trade of products and the market structure, due to its nature, volume is more likely to cause environmental problems on the basis of their practices.
Instruction to modify
The Commission plans that the recasting directive is part of an overall commitment to a better regulatory environment. The reforms involve improvements in implementation, enforcement and coherence. The RoHS Directive also needs to be reviewed, in particular as it relates to the inclusion of medical equipment and monitoring and control instruments within its scope, and to the adaptation of limited lists of substances. Experience with the implementation of the first year, after running extensive stakeholder consultations, recast revealed the difficulties in deciding whether certain products fell within the scope, too many non-conforming products and differences between member states, such as implementation-related issues, product conformity assessment and the method of carrying out market surveillance. There is also the potential for a relationship between confusing RoHS and new policies and legislation covering chemicals, such as increasing the risk of inadequate or inefficient implementation of directives.
Some big companies have taken note of RoHS and started to take action. Sony's digital cameras, for example, have a statement on their boxes: "This product is soldered lead-free; Use lead-free ink printing.
In 2004, the Ministry of Information Industry also issued the "electronic information product pollution prevention and control management measures" similar to the content of RoHS, and in October set up the "electronic information product pollution prevention standard working group", to study and establish the electronic information product pollution prevention standard system in line with China's national conditions; To carry out research, formulation and revision of standards related to the pollution prevention and control of electronic information products, especially to accelerate the formulation of basic standards for materials, processes, terminology, test methods and test methods urgently needed by the industry.
On 1 July 2011, the EU published the new RoHS Directive - Directive 2011/65/EU - in the Official Journal (OJ).
As a very familiar instruction to Chinese electronic and electrical products manufacturing enterprises, its introduction process is a twists and turns. The amendment, which was originally intended to be introduced in 2009, has been delayed by disagreements over the process. In particular, the EU, including the Commission, the European Parliament, the Council, the industry, NGOs and so on, has had a heated debate on whether to expand the scope of products and restricted substances.
The main differences between the original RoHS Directive 2002/95/EU and the 2011/65/EU are:
1. To expand the scope of products: to cover all electrical products within the scope of the directive regulation (including cable and spare parts), but given the new add 8 kind of medical instrument and 9 class monitor and control instruments (including industrial monitoring instrument) transition period, in addition, for the two kinds of products were given for the exemption (listed in annex IV)
2. Some definitions are clarified
3. The scope of controlled substances has not been expanded, and the original limit requirements of six substances have been maintained. However, it is proposed that in the future review process, priority should be given to the investigation of substances including DEHP, so as to pave the way for the directive to expand the scope of controlled substances in the future
4. The Producer specification has been removed but the definitions of 'Manufacturer', 'Authorised Representative', 'Importer' and 'Distributor' have been added and their responsibilities have been clearly defined
5. The CE mark and the CE mark are required to be attached to products.
This directive will come into force on the 20th day of the OJ and member states have until 2 January 2013 to convert it into national law.
The release of 2011/65/EU will have a certain impact on Chinese manufacturers of electronic and electrical products, especially medical devices and monitoring and control instruments, which will be subject to the regulatory scope
In addition, since electronic and electrical products need to be attached with the CE mark, it will also be a huge challenge for the industry to meet the requirements of the directive.
RoHS2.0 New product categories
On 30 November 2011, the European Commission announced that it had started work on the results of the impact assessment study of Directive 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2.0 Directive). The Commission plans to make new proposals on the basis of a study to extend the scope of the RoHS 2.0 Directive to include products and product categories that were previously excluded from the RoHS 1.0 Directive. According to the new study, the range of products included in Annex 1.0 of the new Directive will be expanded and may be further expanded through future studies and public consultations. But the draft product scope issued by the Commission so far has included products that are of great concern to exporters.
Category 1: large household appliances. Includes new product categories "Gas Grill", "Gas Oven" and "Gas Heater".
Category 4: consumer electronics. Includes the new product category "Furniture with Electrical Functions" such as "Lift Lounge" and "Lift Lounge Chair".
Class7: toys, leisure and sports equipment. This includes new product categories such as "toys with minor electrical functions" such as "talking teddy bears" and "glowing shoes".
Class11: other electrical and electronic equipment. In addition to the "power switch" and "electric suitcase," the new product category "clothing with electrical functions," such as "heating clothing" and "life jackets that glow in water."
The impact assessment study also includes an analysis of how to make the concentration limits for hazardous substances in compliance with the RoHS Directive more feasible. Concerns have been raised that thresholds limiting substance content are too strict, especially when applied to coatings and very small components.
As part of this study, the Commission is consulting stakeholders on the costs of complying with the Directive, such as the cost of changing the design of products, as well as data to help assess the benefits of reducing the concentration of harmful substances in products. The consultation period runs until April 2012 and the commission will publish its final report (including a revised impact assessment) by 6 July 2012.